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Rocky planets that formed early in our Milky Way galaxy’s That’s because the early formers are more likely to sport plate tectonics , magnetic fields and other features conducive to the development and persistence of life as we know it, researchers said. O’Neill and his colleagues studied Milky Way exoplanets — worlds orbiting stars other than the sun. The team plugged these parameters into planet-development simulations run using processors at the National Computational Infrastructure, which is based at Australian National University in Canberra. The researchers found that planets that form relatively early in their galaxy’s history are more likely to develop plate tectonics, which serves as a built-in thermostat of sorts that keeps the surface cool enough for life as we know it to evolve. So life becomes difficult to sustain. A planet needs to be lucky to have the right position and the right geochemistry at the right time if it’s going to sustain life. A planet’s geochemistry is also affected by the era in which it formed, by the way, because the chemistry of galaxies changes over time.

## Space – Drake Equation

The SETI Institute is a non-profit corporation that serves as an institutional home for research and educational projects relating to the study of life in the universe. The Institute conducts research in a number of fields including astronomy and planetary sciences, chemical evolution, the origin of life, and biological and cultural evolution. Oliver, and many other private donors.

Drake equation: a formula for estimating the number of intelligent, technological civilizations in our Galaxy, first suggested by Frank Drake. extremophile: an.

Paul Sutter has a way with words. In a Space. For the precocious hunter of off-Earth life, the Drake equation is the ever-ready, go-to toolkit for estimating just how not lonely humans are in the Milky Way galaxy. An equation needs certainty, Sutter argues. Without some grasp on precision with the factors in the equation, it becomes useless, no better than a wild guess.

The equations of physics deal with measurable factors that can be ascertained often to many decimal points of precision. The equation starts with some straightforward concepts, such as the rate of star formation and the fraction of stars hosting planets. But it quickly moves into tricky terrain , asking for numbers like what fraction of those planets that could host life actually end up evolving intelligent species and what fraction of those planets blast out friendly signals into the cosmos, inviting us Earthlings to a nice little chat.

Because the right side of the equation is a series of factors multiplied together, any one factor that is unknown with at least some empirical range of error renders the entire calculation of N number of alien civilizations worthless. It becomes the weak link that breaks the chain. That single unknown can undo the hard work poured into the entirety of the rest of the equation.

Until you know all of it, you know none of it. The Drake equation is simply a way of chopping up our ignorance, stuffing it into a mathematical meat grinder and making a sausage-guess. What if you missed a parameter, some crucial element in the steps from stars to sentience?

## Past Events

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Radiometric dating, radioactive dating or radioisotope dating is a technique which is used to The basic equation of radiometric dating requires that neither the parent nuclide nor the daughter product Tillberg, M., Drake, H., Zack, T. et al.

Ian Whittaker does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. Despite the humorous nature of the event there are some amusing comments on the page , there will be those who take this seriously and could get themselves arrested or injured.

Area 51 is a military training range at Groom Lake, Nevada, and for decades has been at the centre of a conspiracy theory that the US government is hiding evidence of extraterrestrials visiting the Earth. The idea that aliens exist has been around as long as people have understood that the Earth is not the centre of the universe. Instead, the popularity of UFO sightings, space missions and sci-fi TV shows likely contributed to the rise in such claims in the s, before they started declining in the late s.

That said, the odd entertaining story to do with aliens does still appear today. The idea of Area 51 storing an alien vessel has its roots in Roswell, New Mexico. In , a farmer there found unidentified material in his fields.

## Review: Extraterrestrials

Mathematician Bobby Seagull has tried to use numbers to solve his romantic difficulties. Is he on to something? They say love is a numbers game. Bobby Seagull — the mathematician who rose to fame as a finalist on University Challenge in — took them literally. A few years ago, he sat down to try to work out why he had been so unlucky in life.

In physicist Frank Drake developed a mathematical equation to help solve it: Even before the Drake equation and the Kardashev scale, many scientists were Nowadays, they can study the geologic record and use radioactive dating.

Catch up on stories from the past week and beyond at the Slashdot story archive. Common, this is just a stunt in order to get his picture all over the net in order to find a girlfriend! He must count on the fact that girls will try to prove him wrong or that girls will be pleased to be the one in a million girl. I knew there’s a downside of my attempt to make painstakingly certain there’s no pic of me on the web Well, at least they’re less of a loser than the people who can’t find a girlfriend through the internet.

Unlike those who cannot find a girlfriend in any way conceivable, which makes them wanking losers. Everyone who ever finds a girlfriend at all does so through social networking. Just like anything else in the world, adding “on the Internet” doesn’t change anything. No no no, this was a bad idea entirely. Now if he does find someone, he won’t be able to tell her “you’re the only one”, he just proved there are 25 other women he would like to be with!

## All you need is maths? The man using equations to find love

Those odds might seem thin. Although Peter Backus generously gives himself a one in , chance of meeting the right lady in London. But cheeringly, there is online dating and Tinder. And also, Peter Backus eventually found a girlfriend and got married.

The Drake equation was developed in by American astronomer Frank Drake, Drake’s equation then multiplies the number of planets in the habitable zones of stars by Fossil tardigrades have bee found dating back million years.

Kathleen Lohnes was an editorial intern at Encyclopaedia Britannica in and On a clear night, staring up at the stars induces a sense of simultaneous wonder and insignificance. Humanity time and time again finds itself lost amid the vastness of a universe that we are still struggling to understand. There are many questions we ask ourselves when looking toward the heavens, but one of them always feels just outside of our grasp: Across all the billions of light-years of starry sky above us, could we possibly be the only life?

Scientists have explored this question for years. In physicist Frank Drake developed a mathematical equation to help solve it:. The equation aimed to find the number N of intelligent civilizations within the boundaries held by the subsequent factors—in our case, the Milky Way Galaxy. To break these numbers down further, scientists use the Kardashev scale, which splits intelligent life into three categories.

Type I civilizations are able to use all the energy available on their home planet we are approaching this; most scientists agree that we are currently at a 0. Type II civilizations can control and channel all the energy of their host star, and Type III civilizations have access to power equivalent to that of their host galaxy. Even before the Drake equation and the Kardashev scale, many scientists were convinced that there must be a plethora of intelligent civilizations sprinkled across the galaxy.

The story goes that in Enrico Fermi and his colleagues were discussing the existence of alien life over lunch. It is from these questions, the Drake equation, and the Kardashev scale that the true paradox was born.

## Dating Rules

One of the longest-running projects in the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence SETI came to an end, at least temporarily, last week. The SETI home project started in as a distributed computing effort, allowing participants to use spare time on their home computers to process batches of data collected by radio telescopes.

It immediately became popular by people who enjoyed the opportunity to take part in SETI with little more than an Internet-connected computer running a colorful screensaver. More than two decades of data analysis, of course, turned up no evidence of any signals from civilizations other than our own, just like every other SETI effort to date.

Frank Drake’s equation for the probability of space aliens is chopped-up ignorance mushed into pseudo-scientific sausage. Paul Sutter has a.

Everybody’s brains are pre-wired to be just a little bit mathematical, and it applies to finding the true mate as well. Frank Drake is an American astronomer of considerable repute. Acknowledged widely as among the pioneers in search of extraterrestrial life, he is chairman emeritus of the Seti search for extraterrestrial intelligence Institute.

He is best known for creating a mathematical framework, popularly called the Drake Equation, to estimate the number of highly-evolved civilizations in the Universe. Economists and mathematicians have this remarkable ability to look for answers to questions of all kinds. That explains why Peter Backus of the Warwick University in London used the Drake Equation to argue the mathematical probability of finding true love ranges from remarkably low to zero.

To arrive at this conclusion, he used the Drake Equation.